Canada’s family sponsorship program allows certain family members of Canadians or permanent residents to immigrate. The Family Class category includes a spouse, common-law and conjugal partner, dependent children, adopted children, parents, and grandparents. Other relatives can be brought to Canada in exceptional cases or through provincial programs.
Dependent child is the one under the age of 22 years old and includes adopted children. In addition to the age limit, only those who don’t have a spouse can qualify as dependents.
However, children 22 years old or older can also qualify as dependents if they are unable to financially support themselves because of a condition and have financially depended on parents since before the age of 22.
Children must continue to meet the above requirements until a family immigration process is completed.
Read more about child sponsorship.
Parents and Grandparents (PGP)
Brothers, sisters, nephews, nieces, and grandchildren can be sponsored if they are orphaned, i.e., lost both parents. The orphaned relative must also be:
under 18 years old, and
single, i.e., not married, and
related by blood or adoption (brothers or sisters, nephews or nieces, and grandchildren).
Any other blood relative can immigrate through family class if a sponsor does not have any relative in Canada or abroad who he can apply for instead under the regular categories (spouse, common-law or conjugal partner, son or daughter, parent, grandparent, brother or sister, uncle or aunt, nephew or niece).
Read more about sponsorship of other close relatives.
Family Sponsorship for Quebeckers
Sponsors who approved by the Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) as eligible, must then meet Quebec’s immigration sponsorship requirements. They must sign a financial undertaking with the province of Quebec too. The Quebec ministry – Ministère de l’Immigration, de la Francisation et de l’Intégration (MIFI) – in charge of immigration will assess income.
The four categories of family immigration discussed above have common features. Thus, any application has two main stages. However, processing time varies from 12 to 24 months on average depending on the category of relationship, which you can also check here. Sponsoring one adult person to Canada will require payment of around 1,045C$ fees, which is lower for minors and higher if more then one member included in an application. Check government fees for all family class categories.