How to Immigrate to Canada? | Canada Immigration Options

Canada is recognized as one of the best countries in the world to live, work, study, invest, and do business. Thanks to its opportunities, quality of life, stability, safety, prosperity, Canada keeps attracting people who are looking for pathways on how to immigrate to Canada. We provide an overview of Canada immigration options for different categories of people. If you want to read more about Canada’s performance on a variety of metrics, go to the Best Countries Ranking Report.
Canada Immigration Options

For smooth immigration, a candidate’s reasons, background, and circumstances should match the appropriate program. Immigration to Canada may take from six (6) months to many years. It is very important to select the proper path or program and minimize mistakes, which are usually caused by a lack of knowledge.

Every year the Canadian Government announces the Immigration Levels Plan for the next year’s admission target of immigrants under various categories – economic, family, refugee, and humanitarian. Admission is increasing under all categories. It is a promising trend for those who are looking to move to Canada.

Immigration programs vary in their “strictness” or “easiness” of requirements and time it takes to immigrate to Canada. Below is an overview of the main pathways to Canada:

  • Economic migration for skilled workers, investors, entrepreneurs, start-ups, and self-employed people
    Family sponsorship for spouses, children, parents, grandparents, and other relatives
    Asylum for refugees and protected persons
    Humanitarian program
Economic Immigration Programs
In 2020, Canada plans to admit 195,800 immigrants under the economic category. Canadian economic immigration programs exist for foreign workers and businesses.

Read more about the Canada Experience Class Program.

Express Entry Immigration for Skilled Workers

Skilled workers can immigrate under the federal or provincial programs. In majority cases, provincial requirements are easier to meet but longer to wait to immigrate to Canada. This route should be considered by candidates with at least one (1) year of work experience and who are fluent in English or French. Applications from foreign workers for immigration are managed via Express Entry System and provincial systems.

Learn more about immigrating to Canada with Express Entry.

Business Immigration to Canada

Investors, entrepreneurs, start-ups, and self-employed people can immigrate under business programs. The major difference, as compared to skilled workers migration, is that business experience, investment, and promising business ideas supported by a business plan are required.

However, the amount of investment, requirement for experience, as well as the business industries that are open for immigration vary by Canadian province.

Throughout Canada, the minimum investment is $ 75,000 under the federal Start-up Visa Program, and the maximum – $ 10,000,000 under the Ontario Corporate Stream Program. The Self-employed Program does not require investment, but only athletics or persons in the cultural industries may consider it.

Learn more about Immigration Options for Business in Canada.

Family Sponsorship

Spouses, children, parents, and grandparents of Canadians and permanent residents can immigrate under the Family Sponsorship Programs. Canada stands firmly for family reunification and plans to admit 91,000 immigrants under this group in 2020.

There are certain different requirements for each category of the family class. It always starts from an eligible sponsor, i.e., a family member in Canada assessment. Genuineness of spousal or parental familial relationships is a core in family sponsorships.

Learn more about Canadian Family Sponsorship Programs.

Refugees & Protected Persons

Canada is known for its strong system to protect those who fled their countries because of a well-founded fear of persecution. Canada’s target for refugees admission in 2020 is 48,700.

As refugees are forced to flee, the process they have to go through in Canada differs from a regular immigrant who chooses to settle permanently in Canada. Claimants have seen or experienced many horrors in their home countries, and can not return home.

Thus, asylum seeker or refugee claimant must prove that there is a well-founded fear of persecution in a home country. The process encompasses gathering supporting documentation and attending a hearing before the Refugee Protection Division (RPD) of the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB). Refugee hearings are private, and the Panel Member of the RPD makes a decision after hearing the case, whether the claimant is a Convention Refugee or person in need of protection.

Humanitarian Program

Humanitarian and compassionate grounds (H&C) application is a unique program, that opens doors to people who would not normally be eligible to become permanent residents of Canada.

In other words, when a person can not apply under the economic or family programs because he or she does not meet requirements, has admissibility issues, or, overall, very low chances to immigrate, then this person may be eligible to make an H&C application to become a permanent resident of Canada.

Factors that can make someone give H&C a try are settlement and family in Canada, negative affect on the best interest of any child if an applicant is removed from Canada and adverse conditions in a home country.

Humanitarian and compassionate grounds apply to people with exceptional cases, and processing officers assess these applications on a case-by-case basis. However, H&C applications from those who are in Canada have a high approval rate, when appropriate grounds exist. Learn more about the H&C grounds.
In 2020, Canada’s target for admission under the H&C program is set at 4,500 people.

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