How to Immigrate to Canada? | Canada Immigration Options
For smooth immigration, a candidate’s reasons, background, and circumstances should match the appropriate program. Immigration to Canada may take from six (6) months to many years. It is very important to select the proper path or program and minimize mistakes, which are usually caused by a lack of knowledge.
Every year the Canadian Government announces the Immigration Levels Plan for the next year’s admission target of immigrants under various categories – economic, family, refugee, and humanitarian. Admission is increasing under all categories. It is a promising trend for those who are looking to move to Canada.
Immigration programs vary in their “strictness” or “easiness” of requirements and time it takes to immigrate to Canada. Below is an overview of the main pathways to Canada:
Read more about the Canada Experience Class Program.
Skilled workers can immigrate under the federal or provincial programs. In majority cases, provincial requirements are easier to meet but longer to wait to immigrate to Canada. This route should be considered by candidates with at least one (1) year of work experience and who are fluent in English or French. Applications from foreign workers for immigration are managed via Express Entry System and provincial systems.
Learn more about immigrating to Canada with Express Entry.
Investors, entrepreneurs, start-ups, and self-employed people can immigrate under business programs. The major difference, as compared to skilled workers migration, is that business experience, investment, and promising business ideas supported by a business plan are required.
However, the amount of investment, requirement for experience, as well as the business industries that are open for immigration vary by Canadian province.
Throughout Canada, the minimum investment is $ 75,000 under the federal Start-up Visa Program, and the maximum – $ 10,000,000 under the Ontario Corporate Stream Program. The Self-employed Program does not require investment, but only athletics or persons in the cultural industries may consider it.
Learn more about Immigration Options for Business in Canada.
Spouses, children, parents, and grandparents of Canadians and permanent residents can immigrate under the Family Sponsorship Programs. Canada stands firmly for family reunification and plans to admit 91,000 immigrants under this group in 2020.
There are certain different requirements for each category of the family class. It always starts from an eligible sponsor, i.e., a family member in Canada assessment. Genuineness of spousal or parental familial relationships is a core in family sponsorships.
Learn more about Canadian Family Sponsorship Programs.
Canada is known for its strong system to protect those who fled their countries because of a well-founded fear of persecution. Canada’s target for refugees admission in 2020 is 48,700.
As refugees are forced to flee, the process they have to go through in Canada differs from a regular immigrant who chooses to settle permanently in Canada. Claimants have seen or experienced many horrors in their home countries, and can not return home.
Thus, asylum seeker or refugee claimant must prove that there is a well-founded fear of persecution in a home country. The process encompasses gathering supporting documentation and attending a hearing before the Refugee Protection Division (RPD) of the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB). Refugee hearings are private, and the Panel Member of the RPD makes a decision after hearing the case, whether the claimant is a Convention Refugee or person in need of protection.